Anthromes   The Global Ecological Patterns Created by Humans


Maps and Google Earth

View the biosphere we've created. Anthropogenic Biomes of the World (v2)
Educational Wall Map  (24 x 18 inches; 61 x 46 cm)
PDF for printing (*20MB file*)
from
National Geographic
World Atlas
, 10th Edition
(2014)

Anthromes (v2) 1700-2000
(LEGEND | DATA)

Cite: Ellis, E. C., K. Klein Goldewijk, S. Siebert, D. Lightman, and N. Ramankutty. 2010. Anthropogenic transformation of the biomes, 1700 to 2000.Global Ecology and Biogeography 19(5):589-606. [download]

Anthromes 2 maps Anthromes 2 Map Graphics (Plate Caree) Anthromes 2 Map Graphics (Eckert IV) Plate Carée Projection
2000AD, 1900AD
1800AD, 1700AD

Eckert IV Equal Area Projection
2000AD, 1900AD
1800AD, 1700AD
Google Earth
Google Earth 2000AD 1900AD
1800AD 1700AD
Google Maps 2000AD 1900AD
1800AD 1700AD

Ancient Novel Ecosystems
(LEGEND | DATA)

Figure 6i in: Ellis, E. C., K. Klein Goldewijk, S. Siebert, D. Lightman, and N. Ramankutty. 2010. Anthropogenic transformation of the biomes, 1700 to 2000.Global Ecology and Biogeography 19(5):589-606. [download]

Ancient Novel Ecosystems
Eckert IV Equal Area Projection
Google Earth
 

Anthromes (v1)
(LEGEND | DATA)
Cite: Ellis, E. C. and N. Ramankutty. 2008. Putting people in the map: anthropogenic biomes of the world. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 6(8):439-447. [download]

Plate Carée Projection
2000AD

Eckert IV Equal Area Proj.
2000AD
Google Earth
 
Educational Wall Map  (31 x 51 inches; 79 x 129 cm)
PRINT: on large-format printer
                           (*80MB file*)
PURCHASE: at Maps.com


Reference Maps

Potential Natural Vegetation
(LEGEND | DATA)
Based on: Ramankutty, N., and J.A. Foley 1999. Estimating historical changes in global land cover: croplands from 1700 to 1992, Global Biogeochemical Cycles 13(4):997-1027.

Eckert IV Equal Area Projection
Google Earth
 


Terrestrial Biomes
(LEGEND | DATA)
Based on: Olson, D. M., E. Dinerstein, E. D. Wikramanayake, N. D. Burgess, G. V. N. Powell, E. C. Underwood, J. A. D'Amico, I. Itoua, H. E. Strand, J. C. Morrison, C. J. Loucks, T. F. Allnutt, T. H. Ricketts, Y. Kura, J. F. Lamoreux, W. W. Wettengel, P. Hedao, and K. R. Kassem. 2001. Terrestrial ecoregions of the world: a new map of life on Earth. BioScience 51:933-938.
Olson Biomes
Eckert IV Equal Area Projection
Google Earth