Anthropogenic Biomes of the World
Croplands Anthromes >

Residential Rainfed Mosaic Cropland

 

Residential Rainfed Mosaic Cropland

A mixture of cropland, forest, human settlements, pasture, and limited urban area, Residential Rainfed Mosaic Croplands is the most extensive of the more densely populated anthromes (population density >10 persons per km2).  With a median annual precipitation near 1000mm there is sufficient water to support all aspects of life without hardly any irrigation.

The composition of the constituent ecoregions is as heterogeneous as the anthrome is itself.  The top ecoregion only represents 4% of the total which tells us that residential rainfed mosaic croplands are found in small patches throughout the world.  There is no region of the world that is predominant in this anthrome.

Climate

Median* Min Max
Mean Annual Temperature 16.3 °C 15.3 °C 29.3 °C
Mean Annual Precipitation 971
mm/yr
16
mm/yr
 7807
mm/yr
 
Net Primary Production Global Total Median Min Max
1015g C/yr (%) kg C/m²/yr
10.8 (21.6%)
0.56 0 2.17

Population

Global Total Median Min Max
billion persons (%) persons/km²
Total 0.61 (9.6%)
27 10 307
Non-Urban 0.57 (18.4%)
27 10 100
 

Land Use & Land Cover

 

Global Total
Median Min Max
million km2 (%) (cover %)
Total Land Area 16.7 (12.8%) N/A
Urban 0.01 (1.9%) 0.0% 0.0% 2.2%
Cultivated 4.0 (27%) 14% 0.0% 100%
Irrigated 0.16 (5.8%) 0.0% 0.0% 26%
Rice Paddy 0.08 (4.6%) 0.0% 0.0% 12%
Pasture 2.5 (9.0%) 9.2% 0.0% 100%
Tree Cover 5.0 (18%) 25% 0.0% 83%
Bare Earth 0.4 (1.1%) 0.3% 0.0% 35%
 

Major Ecoregions (Olson)

% cover
West Sudanian Savanna 4.0
Central European Mixed Forest 3.1
East European Forest Steppe 2.9
Guinean Forest-Savanna Mosaic 2.4
Caatinga 2.3
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Photo: Countryside near Normandy, France © JH.Bernard. permission granted.
http://pagesperso-orange.fr/rmc14/images/IMAGES-RMC/RMC-6.JPG

Created by:

Andrew Petit de Mange & Kelly Kennedy

Based on: Anthropogenic Biomes of the World

Ellis, E. C. and N. Ramankutty. 2008. Putting people in the map: anthropogenic biomes of the world. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 6(8):439-447 doi:10.1890/070062. [download]