Anthropogenic Biomes of the World
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Rice Villages

Rice Villages

Rice Villages are dominated by the cultivation of paddy rice and usually have fairly high population density.  The majority of the regions classified as rice villages are in Asia and all of the top five constituent Olson ecoregions that comprise the rice village anthrome, which cover nearly 54% of all rice villages are found in India and China. 

Rice Villages are generally wet environments but range in temperature from temperature to tropical.  It follows that a great deal of the land is cultivated (median 73.1% mostly for rice) and very little land use goes to pasture (median 0.6%). 

Despite the significant rainfall experienced by most rice villages the land is still heavily irrigated primarily by channeling rain water to rice paddies.


Median* Min Max
Mean Annual Temperature 25.4 °C 4.9 °C 28.7 °C
Mean Annual Precipitation 1419
5018 mm/yr
Net Primary Production Global Total Median Min Max
1015g C/yr (%) kg C/m²/yr
0.4 (0.8%)
0.5 0.0 2.1


Global Total Median Min Max
billion persons (%) persons/km²
Total 0.57 (8.9%)
697 101 5537
Non-Urban  0.27 (8.2%)
353 100 1549

Land Use & Land Cover


Global Total
Median Min Max
million km2 (%) (cover %)
Total Land Area 0.74 (0.6%) N/A
Urban 0.05 (9.4%) 6.0% 0.0% 17.2%
Cultivated 0.54 (3.6%) 73% 0.0% 100%
Irrigated 0.3 (10.9%) 39% 0.0% 100%
Rice Paddy 0.3 (17.3%) 57% 0.0% 100%
Pasture 0.0 (0.0%) 0.6% 0.0% 48%
Tree Cover  0.05 (0.2%) 4.4% 0.0% 61%
Bare Earth 0.02 (0.1%) 1.0% 0.0% 40%
*Median, Minimum and Maximum estimates were calculated after removing the top and bottom 2% of cells in each anthrome based on the Euclidean distance across the means of variables used for anthrome classification.

Major Ecoregions (Olson)

% cover
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests 25.1
Changjiang Plain Evergreen Forest 11.1
Upper Gangetic Plain Moist Deciduous Forest 7.9
Northwestern Thorn Scrub Forest 5.5
Eastern Highlands Moist Deciduous Forest 4.1
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Photo: Gveret Tered, 05/15/2007,  GNU Free Documentation License,

Created by:

Andrew Petit de Mange & Kelly Kennedy

Based on: Anthropogenic Biomes of the World

Ellis, E. C. and N. Ramankutty. 2008. Putting people in the map: anthropogenic biomes of the world. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 6(8):439-447 doi:10.1890/070062. [download]