Anthropogenic Biomes of the World
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Cropped & Pastoral Villages

Cropped and Pastoral Villages

Cropped and Pastoral Villages are an anthrome that has almost every land use type possible within it.  As its name implies it has both a significant amount of agricultural cropland and pasture for grazing livestock, it even contains a significant amount of bare earth.  Tree cover is sparse and rice cultivation is minimal in most of this anthrome.

Cropped and pastoral Villages have little urban area but those areas which are considered urban are heavily populated.  This anthrome has quite a range in both temperature and precipitation which is further illustrated by looking at its constituent ecoregions. Cropped and pastoral villages are found in places from the Chinese forests, to the mountains of Afghanistan, to central Africa.  Heterogeneity is the theme in the cropped and pastoral villages anthrome.


Median* Min Max
Mean Annual Temperature 19.1 °C -12.2 °C 30.5 °C
Mean Annual Precipitation 412
Net Primary Production Global Total Median Min Max
1015g C/yr (%) kg C/m²/yr
0.1 (0.2%)
0.17 0 1.08


Global Total Median Min Max
billion persons (%) persons/km²
Total 0.19 (3%)
196 100 4147
Non-Urban 0.1 (3.2%)
143 100 685

Land Use & Land Cover


Global Total
Median Min Max
million km2 (%) (cover %)
Total Land Area  0.64 (0.5%) N/A
Urban 0.01 (1.9%) 1.0% 0.0% 17%
Cultivated 0.27 (1.8%) 40% 0.0% 100%
Irrigated 0.1 (3.6%) 7.2% 0.0% 99%
Rice Paddy 0.05 (2.9%) 0.0% 0.0% 62%
Pasture 0.19 (0.7%) 22% 0.0% 100%
Tree Cover 0.01 (0%) 1.0% 0.0% 14%
Bare Earth 0.28 (0.8%) 36% 10.1% 100%
*Median, Minimum and Maximum estimates were calculated after removing the top and bottom 2% of cells in each anthrome based on the Euclidean distance across the means of variables used for anthrome classification.

Major Ecoregions (Olson)

% cover
West Sudanian Savannah 10.6
Northwestern Thorn Scrub Forest 10.2
Central China Loess Plateau Mixed Forest 4.1
Baluchistan Xeric Woodlands 4.0
Mongolian-Manchurian Grassland 3.3
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Created by:

Andrew Petit de Mange & Kelly Kennedy

Based on: Anthropogenic Biomes of the World

Ellis, E. C. and N. Ramankutty. 2008. Putting people in the map: anthropogenic biomes of the world. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 6(8):439-447 doi:10.1890/070062. [download]