Anthropogenic Biomes of the World
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Rainfed Villages


Rainfed Mosaic Villages

The Rainfed Villages anthromes are agricultural regions sustained by annual rainfall.  Higher than typical precipitation and temperature amongst other villages, the rainfed village experiences slightly higher net primary production within a region that supports little livestock and a significant population density.

Rainfed villages are less likely to be found in just a few ecoregions, but are still primarily in southern Asia.  The rainfall in these warm Asian regions help to support nearly 10% of all cultivated lands and 10%of all rice paddy in the world. 

Climate

Median* Min Max
Mean Annual Temperature 23.4 °C -0.99 °C 29.4 °C
Mean Annual Precipitation 904
mm/yr
10
mm/yr
5151
 mm/yr
 
Net Primary Production Global Total Median Min Max
1015g C/yr (%) kg C/m²/yr
1.0 (2.0%)
0.41 0.07 1.92

Population

Global Total Median Min Max
billion persons (%) persons/km²
Total 0.57 (8.9%)
207 100 2368
Non-Urban 0.42 (13.5%)
168 100 476
 

Land Use & Land Cover

 

Global Total
Median Min Max
million km2 (%) (cover %)
Total Land Area 2.3 (1.8%) N/A
Urban 0.03 (5.7%) 1.0% 0.0% 9.0%
Cultivated 1.5 (9.7%) 62% 0.0% 100%
Irrigated 0.2 (7.3%) 3.1% 0.0% 50%
Rice Paddy 0.2 (9.8%) 3.3% 0.0% 68%
Pasture 0.18 (0.6%) 5.0% 0.0% 51%
Tree Cover 0.2 (0.7%) 6.8% 0.1% 38%
Bare Earth 0.16 (0.4%) 4.5% 0.0% 29%
*Median, Minimum and Maximum estimates were calculated after removing the top and bottom 2% of cells in each anthrome based on the Euclidean distance across the means of variables used for anthrome classification.
 

Major Ecoregions (Olson)

% cover
Deccan Thorn Scrub Forest 7.8
Central Deccan Plateau Dry Deciduous Forest 6.4
Khathiar-Gir Dry Deciduous Forest 4.7
Eastern Highlands Moist Deciduous Forest 4.3
Northeast China Plateau Deciduous Forest 4.2
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Photo:

Created by:

Andrew Petit de Mange & Kelly Kennedy

Based on: Anthropogenic Biomes of the World

Ellis, E. C. and N. Ramankutty. 2008. Putting people in the map: anthropogenic biomes of the world. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 6(8):439-447 doi:10.1890/070062. [download]