Philosophical musings (Details)
phenomena have their causes. If one does not know these causes,
although one may happen to be right about the facts, it is as if
one knew nothing, and in the end one will be bewildered...The
fact that water leaves the mountains and runs to the sea is not
due to any dislike of the mountains and love for the sea, but it
is the effect of height as such...
All this is so, too,
with regard to the endurance or fall of states, and to the goodness
or badness of individuals. For everything there must be a
reason. Therefore the sage does not inquire about endurance
or decay, nor about goodness or badness, but about the reasons for
Lü Shih, Lü Shih Chun Qiu
(Master Lü's Spring and Autumn Annals), 239 BC.