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Anthropogenic Biomes of the World
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Wild Forests

Wild Forests

Wild Forests are notably characterized by vast tree cover and a total lack of any civilization and human interaction.  The land in these regions rarely used in any way and there are no permanent dwellings.  The climate varies greatly because this anthrome represents both equatorial forests and the boreal forests of the far north.

The top five ecoregions that comprise the wild forests anthrome make up over 1/3 of all the wild forests and all are in the far north of North America, Europe, and Asia.  These formidable areas of the planet are huge carbon sinks of evergreen forest with little else despite use in some of these regions for hydroelectric power. 


Median* Min Max
Mean Annual Temperature -2.4 °C -15.6 °C 27.7 °C
Mean Annual Precipitation 553
Net Primary Production Global Total Median Min Max
1015g C/yr (%) kg C/m2/yr
4.1 (8.2%)
0.35 0 1.89


Global Total Median Min Max
billion persons (%) persons/km2
Total 0.0 (0.0%)
0 0 0
Non-Urban 0.0 (0.0%)
0 0 0

Land Use & Land Cover


Global Total
Median Min Max
million km2 (%) (cover %)
Total Land Area 8.2 (6.3%) N/A
Urban 0.0 (0.0%) 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Cultivated 0.0 (0.0%) 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Irrigated 0.0 (0.0%) 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Rice Paddy 0.0 (0.0%) 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Pasture 0.0 (0.0%) 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Tree Cover 4.6 (16%) 49% 25% 86%
Bare Earth 0.09 (0.3%) 0.4% 0.0% 21%
*Median, Minimum and Maximum estimates were calculated after removing the top and bottom 2% of cells in each anthrome based on the Euclidean distance across the means of variables used for anthrome classification.

Major Ecoregions (Olson)

% cover
East Siberian Taiga 15%
West Siberian Taiga 5.8
Midwestern Canadian Shield Forests 4.5
Scandanavian and Russian Taiga 4.4
Eastern Canadian Shield Taiga 3.8
Click to View All Histograms for this Anthrome
Click to View All Histograms

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Photo: Chiranjeev Bedi, Webmaster, ATBC, 06/12/2008, permission granted
The Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation


Created by:

Andrew Petit de Mange & Kelly Kennedy

Based on: Anthropogenic Biomes of the World

Ellis, E. C. and N. Ramankutty. 2008. Putting people in the map: anthropogenic biomes of the world. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 6(8):439-447 doi:10.1890/070062. [download]